Sabar: Patience and Its Virtue Muslims Must Know

Sabar Patience and Its Virtue
Sabar Patience and Its Virtue

Although it is not easy and there are always trials. However patience is one of the noble qualities that is loved by Allah SWT. Did you know that Allah SWT promises many rewards and blessings to His servants who have Sabar in living life. Especially when you have a disaster are in difficult times.

The subject of patience has been written in the Quran and hadith . This means being patient is a trait that is commanded directly by Allah SWT. 

The following are the Quran verses and hadith about patience and its virtues.

Quranic evidence about Sabar

Before entering into the discussion of the hadith regarding patience. Sabar has been discussed in the Quran. There are several verses that talk about patience. These verses are as follows.

Surah Al-Baqarah Verse 45

وَٱسْتَعِينُوا۟ بِٱلصَّبْرِ وَٱلصَّلَوٰةِ ۚ وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلَّا عَلَى ٱلْخَـٰشِعِينَ

Wasta’īnụ biṣ-ṣabri waṣ-ṣalāh, wa innahā lakabīratun illā ‘alal-khāsyi’īn.”

Meaning. Make patience and prayer as your helper. And indeed that is really hard, except for those who are humble”

Surah Al-Baqarah Verse 153

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ ٱسْتَعِينُوا۟ بِٱلصَّبْرِ وَٱلصَّلَوٰةِ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَ ٱلصَّـٰبِرِينَ

“Yā ayyuhallażīna āmanusta’īnụ biṣ-ṣabri waṣ-ṣalāh, innallāha ma’aṣ-ṣābirīn.”

Meaning: O you who believe, make patience and prayer your helpers, indeed Allah is with those who are patient.”

Surah Al-Baqarah Verse 155

وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُم بِشَىْءٍۢ مِّنَ ٱلْخَوْفِ وَٱلْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍۢ مِّنَ ٱلْأَمْوَٰلِ وَٱلْأَنفُسِ وَٱلثَّمَرَٰتِ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ ٱلصَّـٰبِرِينَ

Wa lanabluwannakum bisyai`im minal-khaufi wal-jụ’i wa naqṣim minal-amwāli wal-anfusi waṡ-ṡamarāt, wa basysyiriṣ-ṣābirīn.”

Meaning: And indeed We will give you a trial, with a little fear, hunger, lack of wealth, soul and fruit. And give good news to those who are patient.

Surah Al-Anfal Verse 46

وَأَطِيعُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥ وَلَا تَنَـٰزَعُوا۟ فَتَفْشَلُوا۟ وَتَذْهَبَ رِيحُكُمْ ۖ وَٱصْبِرُوٓا۟ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَ ٱلصَّـٰبِرِينَ

“Wa aṭī’ullāha wa rasụlahụ wa lā tanāza’ụ fa tafsyalụ wa taż-haba rīḥukum waṣbirụ, innallāha ma’aṣ-ṣābirīn.”

Meaning: And obey Allah and His Messenger and do not argue. Which causes you to become afraid and lose your strength and be patient. Verily Allah is with those who keep sabar.”

Hadith about Sabar and virtue

There is no loss for those who are patient in facing all kinds of trials life from Allah SWT. On the other hand, Allah SWT has promised various things for those who are able to be patient in facing life’s difficulties.

Here are the hadiths and their virtues if we keep Sabar in any situation.

Patience allows us to meet the Prophet Muhammad

From Usaid bin Hudlair radiallahu anhum; there was someone from among the Ansar who said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, shouldn’t he have hired me as he had employed so and so?’ individualists, egoism, people who are selfish). So be patient until you meet me at the lake of al-Haudl (in heaven). (Narrated by Bukhari)

Also read: Virtues of Ayatal Kursi

Being patient can get heaven’s reward

From Abu Hurairah that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: ‘Allah Ta’ala said: There is no suitable reward with Me for My believing servant, if I take the life of the person he loves in this world. Then he is willing and be patient except heaven.’ (Narrated by Bukhari)

Sabar prevents us from doing evil

From Ibn Abbas radiallahu anhuma when the verse was revealed: ‘If there are twenty people who are patient among you, surely they will be able to defeat two hundred enemies. And if there are a hundred people who are patient among you. Then surely they will be able to defeat a thousand of disbelievers (Surat al-Anfal: 65) So it is obligatory on them that no one escapes from ten people. 

Abu Sufyan repeatedly said: ‘Let no one run away twenty of the two hundred.’ Then the verse came down: ‘Now Allah has made it easy for you.’ (Al Anfal: 66). So it is obligatory not to let anyone run away as many as a hundred people out of two hundred people. Sufyan also added; a verse has been revealed; ‘O Prophet, ignite the spirit of the believers to fight. If there are twenty people who are patient among you…’ (Al Anfal: 65).

Allah SWT promises good rewards for His patient servants

The Prophet SAW said: ‘When a calamity happens to a servant, whether on his body, his property or his child and then he faces it with good patience. Then Allah spread the good deed book of that person.

Get taufiq from Allah SWT

The Prophet SAW said: ‘There are four kinds of patience: patience in carrying out fardhu, patience in dealing with calamities, patience in dealing with human disturbances and patience in poverty. Human interference is love and patience in poverty is the pleasure of Allah ta’ala.”

With Sabar we will get something better from the whole world

The Prophet SAW said: ‘Patience for a moment is better than the world in its entirety.'”

Patience is a form of our gratitude to Allah SWT

The Prophet SAW said: ‘Allah ta’ala revealed to Musa bin Imran Aleh salaam-: ‘O Musa, whoever is not pleased with My destiny, is not patient with My trials, is not grateful for My favors. Then come out from the earth and My heavens, and seek a god besides Me.'”

Sabar will lead us to salvation

The Prophet SAW said: Sabar is one of the wills of Allah the Exalted’s will on earth, whoever guards it, he is safe and whoever wastes it, he is in misery.'”


That was the Quran and hadith reference about Sabar and its virtues. May we be one of God’s servants who are always patient in facing every trial and test in life. Amen.